Since the ability to package Share extensions was added in the HEAD codeline some weeks ago, both Kev and myself have demonstrated how you can package up dashlets in a JAR file for deployment into Share.
The example we both used was my Site Tags dashlet that we showed at the Alfresco Meetups last year, but at the Madrid meetup we also showed an example of how Share's Document Library can be extended with a custom 'backup' action.
That's quite a few files, but fortunately we can use the JAR extension mechanism to package everything up nicely.
Just like the Site Tags dashlet, I set this up in Eclipse using a standard project layout and my share extensions build script (with a couple of minor changes) to build the JAR file.
config/alfresco/messages/slingshot-custom-backup-action.properties - contains the strings used for the action label and confirmation/failure messages
config/alfresco/templates/webscripts - contains the repository-tier webscript used to create a back-up copy of the file
config/org/springframework/extensions/surf/slingshot-custom-backup-action-context.xml - Spring config used to initialise the i18n messages
config/spring-surf-config-custom.xml - not used at present, but could define additional Surf endpoints for calling third-party RESTful services
web - contains all client-side resources used by the action
It should be relatively easy to copy this structure to define your own custom action, following the custom action wiki document to understand what each file does. This will help you to build other actions that call back to the repository via a web script, but actions aren't limited to calling Alfresco services only. For some examples, take a look at my own list of Share action ideas.
Once you have your structure you can build the JAR file using Ant, e.g.
The JAR file can then be dropped into Tomcat's shared/lib directory, and all that remains is to configure the document actions web scripts to pull in the action definition. This is the slightly fiddly bit.
Firstly, copy the web script configuration file WEB-INF/classes/alfresco/site-webscripts/org/alfresco/components/documentlibrary/documentlist.get.config.xml from the Share webapp into the directory alfresco/web-extension/site-webscripts/org/alfresco/components/documentlibrary in Tomcat's shared/classes to override it. You should see a section <actionSet id='document'> which defines all the actions shown for a normal document in the document list view.
To add the backup action to this list, add the following line just before the </actionset> element for that block.
If you also want the action to show up in the document details view, you need to copy the file WEB-INF/classes/alfresco/site-webscripts/org/alfresco/components/document-details/document-actions.get.config.xml into alfresco/web-extension/site-webscripts/org/alfresco/components/document-details in shared/classes in the same way.
Lastly, we need to ensure that the client-side JS and CSS assets get pulled into the UI as unfortunately the config files do not allow us to specify these dependencies.
To do this, we must override the file WEB-INF/classes/alfresco/site-webscripts/org/alfresco/components/documentlibrary/actions-common.get.head.ftl. Again, copy this into the corresponding directory in shared/classes/alfresco/web-extension and add the following lines at the bottom of the file.