Download and install Alfresco in Linux

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Download and install Alfresco in Linux

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The official documentation is at:

This page contains instructions on installing Alfresco within an existing Tomcat installation on your system. It assumes that you have a working Java installation and Tomcat instance installed.

If you do not have an existing application server installed then you may want to consider using the Alfresco installers for Linux or the Alfresco Tomcat Bundle for Linux instead. For more information please see the information on Linux download and installation.

Note: This is from the README_war.txt included in the alfresco-war download

Install Alfresco WAR Bundle

  1. Browse to Download_and_Install_Alfresco and select the Linux package to begin your download.
  2. Unzip to a new directory or folder
  3. Copy the alfresco.war file to the appropriate location for your application server. For example, for Tomcat6 on Ubuntu, copy the war file into /var/lib/tomcat6/webapps.
 If you have deployed previous versions of Alfresco, you may wish to remove any
temporary files your application server has created.

Add MySQL Database Connector

  1. Download the MySQL Java Database Connector
  2. Copy the JAR file into <container>/common/lib or <container>/server/default/lib

Create Database

Alfresco requires a MySQL database named 'alfresco' with a user account and password
of 'alfresco'.  This can be set up automatically by logging into Mysql and executing the db_setup.sql that comes with the distribution.

  1. Log into Mysql using an account with sufficient privileges to create a database
  2. execute the db_setup.sql file

# 'mysql -u root -p
mysql> source db_setup.sql

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

  • db_setup.sql can be found in the unpacked directory where you found the alfresco.war file.

Alternatively, you may enter in the commands manually:

mysql> CREATE DATABASE alfresco;
mysql> CREATE USER 'alfresco'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '<password>';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON alfresco.* TO 'alfresco'@'localhost';

You have now installed all the components needed to run the Alfresco server.

Optional Install of OpenOffice

Due to a bug in Alfresco 3.2r2, if you don't have OpenOffice installed and running, Alfresco will fail to
start and throw an OpenOfficeExcpetion.

If you would like to have a range of document transformations available from within
Alfresco, you need to install OpenOffice. This is entirely optional and can be
done at any point after Alfresco has been installed.

There are known issues with OpenOffice 2.0.1 and 2.0.2

  1. Browse to
  2. Download the appropriate version. Make sure Java support is installed (eg, on Ubuntu, the package).
  3. OpenOffice needs to be started in a specific way to work with Alfresco:
 soffice '-accept=socket,host=localhost,port=8100;urp;StarOffice.ServiceManager' \
-nologo -headless

To test it, Run:

 telnet localhost 8100

and make sure you can connect.

Configure the Database Connection and Data Locations

Before running the server for the first time, it is highly recommended that the database connection details and alfresco data folder locations get checked and set according to the environment in which the server is running. By default, the server will create a data folder for storing content binaries and indexes at a location relative to the caller's location when the server is started. This is appropriate for quick previews and tests, but should be changed when running a server that will be storing long-lived data.

Details can be found here.

Running the Alfresco Server

Start your application server
- you can now try Alfresco by visiting:


The first time you access the URL it will take some time as Alfresco is performing the database and filesystem initialization.

Logging In

The server is configured with a single administrative login with user name and password
both set to 'admin'.

 username: admin
password: admin


To test the installation, you may wish to follow the tutorial, available from: or from the company space from within the Web Client.

Closing the Alfresco Server

Shut down your application server.  You may also wish to stop the OpenOffice process, but
the command for this depends on your platform.


If you have problems with your installation, please look for help on the Installation forum at and ask for any additional help you may need.

Common Problems

  • If your application server fails to start then check that you have a working JDK installed and that the JAVA_HOME environment variable is set to the correct location of the JDK installation.
  • If you see errors of the type Address already in use: JVM_Bind on server startup, check to see if you have any services running against port 8080 for the Alfresco server and port 21 for the Alfresco FTP integration.
  • If you are running Alfresco as a normal (i.e. non superuser) account - as you should do - then you may also see JVM_Bind errors relating to the CIFS/SMB service or the FTP integration on the console indicating that Alfresco could not bind to the privileged ports required. To get around this problem you can configure Alfresco to use higher-numbered ports for FTP and SMB/CIFS using iptables to map back to the privileged ports as described in File Server Subsystem.

Other Errors

If the following errors are reported on the console, they are not issues which will cause the server to fail. Alfresco is merely reporting that various external document transformation engines are not available for use by the server.  

ERROR [AbstractImageMagickContentTransformer] JMagickContentTransformer not available:
ERROR [AbstractImageMagickContentTransformer] ImageMagickContentTransformer not
  available: Failed to execute command: imconvert ...